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Green Article: Things you should never Compost or Recycle

Though recycling and composting are two of the most important green practices, there are some items that are bad for the environment.

NEVER COMPOST:

Bread Products, Milk Products, Meat Products, Sawdust, Cooked Rice, Used Personal Products, Garden Weeds, Diseased Plants, Cooking Oil, Walnuts and Printed Papers.

NEVER COMPOST
PRODUCTS INCLUDES Y NOT ?
Bread Products Cakes, Pasta and most baked goods attracts unwanted pests
Milk Products Milk, Cheese, Yogurt and Cream attracts unwanted pests
Rice Cooked Rice It attracts varmints.  It is a fertile breeding ground to bacteria.
Used Personal Products Tampons, Diapers and Items wet with blood or any other fluid. too much of a health risk
Walnuts Walnuts It contains Juglone, a natural aromatic compound toxic to some plants.
Printed Papers includes Magazines, Catalogs, Printing Cards, Foils. includes printing chemicals
Meat Products Bones, Blood, Animal Fat and Fish acts as a pest magnet
Sawdust Wood Dust may be from untreated wood
Garden Weeds & Diseased Plants Kudzu, Ivy, Dandelions, Diseased Plants helps breed Fungus and Bacteria into compost
Cooking Oil Cooking Oil upsets compost moisture balance
Human or Animal Feces Pets (Dog & Cat) Poop, Human Feces too much of a health risk

 

NEVER RECYCLE:

Spray Cans, Battery, Ceramic & Pottery, Tires, Plastic Bags & Products, Medical Waste, Diapers, Hazardous Waste, Household Glass and Wet Papers.

NEVER RECYCLE
PRODUCTS INCLUDES Y NOT ?
Aerosol Cans / Spray Cans Metal Spray Cans contains propellants and chemicals, treated as hazardous waste.
Batteries Inverter / Car Battery handled seperately from both regular trash and curbside recycling
Ceramics & Pottery Coffee Mugs, Tea Cups Re-Use them in your gardens
Diapers / Napkins & Paper Towels Diapers, Paper Towels commercially not feasible to reclaim the paper and plastic from used diapers
Hazardous Waste Household Chemicals, Motor Oil, Other Coolants They are handled usually seperately.
Medical Waste Syringes, Tubings, Scalpels and other bio-hazards They are handled usually seperately.
Household Glass Window Panes, Light Bulbs, Mirrors, Tableware impractical to recycle.
Tetra Pack / Coated Cardboard Boxes Pizza Box, Juice Box only the marked tetrapacks need to recycle. Food boxes are too much grease.
Plastic Bags & Products Plastic Bags, Plastic Food Boxes, Plastic Screw top, Plastic without recycling mark. If possible, Clean and Re-use the plastic bags. Rest needs to be disposed off safely.
Tires Tires Should be disposed off safely, or re-use it appropriately.
Wet Papers Wet Papers recyclers take a pass on a paper exposed to water.

Composting – What, Why & How to Compost ?

What is Compost ?

Compost is organic material that can be used as a soil amendment or as a medium to grow plants. Mature compost is a stable material with a content called humus that is dark brown or black and has a soil-like, earthy smell. It is created by: combining organic wastes (e.g., yard trimmings, food wastes, manures) in proper ratios into piles, rows, or vessels; adding bulking agents (e.g., wood chips) as necessary to accelerate the breakdown of organic materials; and allowing the finished material to fully stabilize and mature through a curing process.

Natural composting, or biological decomposition, began with the first plants on earth and has been going on ever since. As vegetation falls to the ground, it slowly decays, providing minerals and nutrients needed for plants, animals, and microorganisms. Mature compost, however, includes the production of high temperatures to destroy pathogens and weed seeds that natural decomposition does not destroy.

 

Benefits of Composting:

  • Reduce or eliminate the need for chemical fertilizers.
  • Promote higher yields of agricultural crops.
  • Facilitate reforestation, wetlands restoration, and habitat revitalization efforts by amending contaminated, compacted, and marginal soils.
  • Cost-effectively remediate soils contaminated by hazardous waste.
  • Remove solids, oil, grease, and heavy metals from stormwater runoff.
  • Avoids Methane and leachate formulation in landfills.
  • Capture and destroy 99.6 percent of industrial volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) in contaminated air. See Innovative Uses of Compost: Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention.
  • Provide cost savings of at least 50 percent over conventional soil, water, and air pollution remediation technologies, where applicable. See Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology
  • Reduces the need for water, fertilizers, and pesticides.
  • Serves as a marketable commodity and is a low-cost alternative to standard landfill cover and artificial soil amendments.
  • Extends municipal landfill life by diverting organic materials from landfills.

 

Materials to be used for Composting

Food Waste – More food reaches landfills and incinerators than any other single material in municipal solid waste (MSW). In 2010 alone, more than 34 million tons of food waste was generated, with only three percent diverted from landfills and incinerators for composting. Reducing the amount of food wasted has significant economic, social & environmental benefits.

Yard & Wood Waste – When you throw yard waste away with your trash it is sent to a landfill where it takes up space and produces methane gas, which contributes to global climate change. Burning of yard waste, such as leaves and trimmings, creates air pollution and is a fire hazard. That is why many communities ban or restrict trashing or burning yard waste. Many communities now have drop-off sites or curbside collection programs for yard waste. Or better yet, don’t let your yard trimmings go to “waste” in the first place. so goes for the wood waste doing a home renovation project? Consider donating any unused or recoverable building materials to a charity in your area. You can also purchase recovered wood and recycling wood products. Clearing your land as part of routine maintenance or cleaning up after a storm?

BioSolids – Biosolids are the nutrient-rich organic materials resulting from the treatment of sewage sludge (the name for the solid, semisolid or liquid untreated residue generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment facility). When treated and processed, sewage sludge becomes biosolids which can be safely recycled and applied as fertilizer to sustainably improve and maintain productive soils and stimulate plant growth.